State of Arizona ROC #301047, Business #3017127. Vice President for Parliamentary Affairs Hossein-Ali Amiri submitted the administration’s draft of the national budget bill for the next year to the Majlis on Wednesday, December 2. Do you think it can play an important role in sustainable development? - Get Solutions or Answers for all your questions here at BYJU'S Due to topographical, hydrological and other constraints, only about 690 cubic km (32 per cent) of the available surface water can be utilised. Create a Watershed Council. Name the two metropolitan cities which are the main polluters of river Ganga before it reaches Varanasi. It helps n the economic development of the country. Distribution of water … What is Watershed Management?Watershed is an area of land that contains streams, and the water runs off to a common point (i.e. It is also used to recharge groundwater aquifers. There are four major sources of surface water: rivers, lakes, ponds, and tanks. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book. It is a low cost and eco-friendly technique for preserving every drop of water by guiding the rain water to bore well, pits and wells. (Delhi 2010) The values that can help in maintaining the Quality of water: Question 1. (b) 3,000 The rainwater harvesting structures in Rajasthan is a Kund or Tanka (a covered underground tank) near or in the house or village and Johads are used to store harvested rain water. A very small proportion of fresh water is effectively available for human use. These reasons were the target regions for green revolution. In short community is the soul of the entire scheme. Conservation practices can be divided into two main categories: 1) in-situ and 2) ex-situ management. Watershed management is an attempt to halt land degradation and a holistic process for getting maximum production out of land. Water Resources and Watershed Management By Dr. Harish Gupta | University College of Engineering, Osmania University, Hyderabad This four (4) credit, 15 weeks MOOCs course is being offered for Post Graduate students of Sciences and other faculties. Answer: (iv) The groundwater utilisation is very high in the states of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, and Tamil Nadu. Rain water harvesting is a method to capture and store rainwater for various uses. However, in broad sense watershed management includes conservation, regeneration and judicious use of all resources – natural (like land, water, plants and animals) and human within a watershed. Explain how Watershed management’ and ‘rainwater harvesting’ are the methods of efficient management and conservation of surface water resources in India. Precipitation is relatively high in the catchment areas of the Ganga, the Brahmaputra and the Barak rivers. Watershed A new era for people management At Watershed’s core is a pragmatic people management approach which is matched by constantly evolving employment law practices.We push for improvement and stand for positive change in HR and employment law … The over-use of groundwater resources has led to decline in ground water table in the states of Punjab, Haryana, western Uttar Pradesh. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. Therefore, it helps in multi-cropping. For what purpose is it used? rate. In peninsular India, tank irrigation is mostly done. Question 17. Watershed management basically refers to efficient management and conservation of surface and groundwater resources with community participation. (b) Multi-cropping for more production. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Along with the NCERT Solutions for the 16th chapter, we have also included management of natural resources class 10 important questions. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in collaboration with State Pollution Control Boards has been monitoring water quality of national aquatic resources at 507 stations. (i) Why is the share of surface water very limited to the industrial sector? Watershed management implies rational utilisation of land and water resources for optimum and sustained production, with the minimum of hazard to natural resources. Question 20. Percolation tanks, recharge wells, dugout ponds (Johad). In Rajasthan rainwater harvesting structures, locally known as kunds or tankas are constructed near or in the house or village to store harvested rainwater. Which one of the following rivers has the highest replenishable ground water resource in the country? Question 16. Ralegan Siddhi’ is a village in Maharashtra, which was under abject poverty. Demand of water is increasing in different sectors like agriculture, industries and for domestic uses. Rainwater harvesting increases water availability, checks the declining groundwater table, improves the quality of groundwater, controls soil erosion and flooding. UNIT-I. Answer: Answer: How can you help in improving the quality of water in your locality? Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is implemented by Department of Land Resources of Ministry of Rural Development. The modules are organized by the six themes listed above. Question 1. Answer: Watershed is also known as drainage basin or catchment area. Spatio-temporal variability in rainfall in the country. What are the implications of using groundwater in drought-prone areas of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu? This is the Watershed Academy's Distance Learning Program—Watershed Academy Web. What is watershed management? Answer: There is a great need for irrigation in India because: Question 5. (c) Biotic Resource (iii) Question 9. The level of groundwater utilisation is relatively high in the river basins lying in north-western region and parts of south India. The states like Gujarat, U.P, Bihar, Tripura and Maharashtra, are utilizing groundwater resources at a moderate rate. This textbook will useful to most of the students who were prepared for competitive exams. Explain any three reasons. The mean annual flow in all the river basins in India is estimated to be 1869 cubic kms. (iv) (ii) Watershed management is a form meant to capture the sum of the action taken to preserve and maintain watersheds. Learn Science with Notes and NCERT Solutions, Next: What are the Advantages of Water Stored in the Ground?→. through people’s participation. The states like Kerala, Odisha and West Bengal have vast surface water resources in legumes and lake also. Water, after meeting the pre-emptive needs for safe drinking water and sanitation, achieving food security, supporting poor people dependent on agriculture for their livelihood and high priority allocation for minimum ecosystem needs, be treated as economic good so as to promote its conservation and efficient use. The level of groundwater utilization is high in river basins relatively lying in north western region and in parts of south India. These states utilize large proportion of their groundwater potential. Management: The availability of fresh water is less and is also declining whereas the demand of water is getting rapid due to industrialization and urbanization, moreover inter-state water disputes are increasing. Water resources in India faced many problems such as availability, quality, usage and management. This in turn will reduce the share of the agriculture and increase the share of industrial and domestic sector in the consumption of all resources including the water resources of the country. Watershed management aims at scientific conservation of primary resources of land and water to increase the production of secondary resources of plants and animals for their use in a way that will not result in ecological imbalance. Population is increasing. Answer: Explain how Watershed management’ and ‘rainwater harvesting’ are the methods of efficient management and conservation of surface water resources in India. Because, agricultural sector requires more water for irrigation. The pollutants also seep down and pollute groundwater and causes the underground water unfit for human uses. Question 2. Of the total net irrigated area 76.1 per cent in Punjab and 51.3 per cent in Haryana are irrigated through wells and tube wells. 2. Water flow in a river depends on size of its catchment area or river basin and rainfall within its catchment area. Nyay Panchayat was set up to look in to the local problems. This shows that these states utilize large proportion of their groundwater potential which has resulted in groundwater depletion in these states. This results in pollution of water whereby quality of water deteriorates affecting aquatic systems. Crops with low water requirements were encouraged. The level of groundwater utilisation is relatively high in the river basins lying in north-western region and parts of south India. The Tungabhadra water dispute between Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Answer: Give an account of river water in India. Contaminated water intake is one of the biggest reasons of many chronic diseases. Agriculture. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo. India accounts for about 2.45 per cent of world’s surface area, 4 per cent of the world’s water resources and about 16 per cent of world’s population. A very small proportion of fresh water is available for human use. Answer: Choose the right answers of the followings from the given options: Question 1. The groundwater utilization is very high in states of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu. Northern states are mostly the agricultural states where the water is used for irrigation. Answer: When toxic substances enter lakes, steams, rivers, ocean and other water bodies, they get dissolved or lie suspended in water. After independence, demand for water had been increasing at an accelerated pace due to rapid growth of population, agricultural development, urbanization, industrialization, etc. Answer: Do you think it can play an important role in sustainable development? In order to solve water problem in India constructive holistic approach should be adopted and implemented. 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